Videos and presentation materials from other INI events are also available.
Event  When  Speaker  Title  Presentation Material 

WHT 
6th August 2019 09:00 to 10:15 
David Abrahams 
On the WienerHopf technique and its applications in science and engineering: Lecture 1
It
is a little nearly 90 years since two of the most important mathematicians of
the 20th century collaborated on finding the exact solution of a particular
equation with semiinfinite convolution type integral operator. The elegance
and analytical sophistication of the method, now called the WienerHopf
technique, impress all who use it. Its applicability to almost all branches of
engineering, mathematical physics and applied mathematics is borne out by the
many thousands of papers published on the subject since its conception. This series of three lectures will be informal in nature and directed at researchers who are either at an early stage of their career or else unfamiliar with particular aspects of the subject. Their aim is to demonstrate the beauty of the topic and its wide range of applications, and will be delivered in a traditional applied mathematical style. The lectures will not try to offer a comprehensive overview of the literature but will instead focus on specific topics that have been of interest over the years to the speaker. The first lecture shall offer a subjective review of the subject, introducing the notation to be employed in later lectures, and indicating a sample of the enormous range of applications that have been found for the technique. The second lecture will focus on exact and approximate solution methods for scalar and vector WienerHopf equations, and indicate the similarities and differences of the various approaches used. The final lecture shall continue discussion of approximate approaches, combining these with one or more specific applications of current interest to the speaker. 

WHT 
6th August 2019 10:30 to 11:45 
David Abrahams 
On the WienerHopf technique and its applications in science and engineering: Lecture 2
It
is a little nearly 90 years since two of the most important mathematicians of
the 20th century collaborated on finding the exact solution of a particular
equation with semiinfinite convolution type integral operator. The elegance
and analytical sophistication of the method, now called the WienerHopf
technique, impress all who use it. Its applicability to almost all branches of
engineering, mathematical physics and applied mathematics is borne out by the
many thousands of papers published on the subject since its conception.
This
series of three lectures will be informal in nature and directed at researchers
who are either at an early stage of their career or else unfamiliar with
particular aspects of the subject. Their aim is to demonstrate the beauty of
the topic and its wide range of applications, and will be delivered in a
traditional applied mathematical style. The lectures will not try to offer a
comprehensive overview of the literature but will instead focus on specific
topics that have been of interest over the years to the speaker.
The first lecture shall offer a subjective review of the subject, introducing the notation to be employed in later lectures, and indicating a sample of the enormous range of applications that have been found for the technique. The second lecture will focus on exact and approximate solution methods for scalar and vector WienerHopf equations, and indicate the similarities and differences of the various approaches used. The final lecture shall continue discussion of approximate approaches, combining these with one or more specific applications of current interest to the speaker. 

WHT 
6th August 2019 12:00 to 13:15 
Raphael Assier, Andrey Shanin 
Towards a multivariable WienerHopf method: Lecture 1
A
multivariable, in particular two complex variables (2D), WienerHopf (WH)
method is one of the desired generalisations of the classical and celebrated WH
technique that are easily conceived but very hard to implement (the second one,
indeed, is the matrix WH). A 2D WH method, could potentially be used e.g. for
finding a solution to the canonical problem of diffraction by a quarterplane.
Unfortunately, multidimensional complex analysis seems to be way more complicated than complex analysis of a single variable. There exists a number of powerful theorems in it, but they are organised into several disjoint theories, and, generally all of them are far from the needs of WH. In this minilecture course, we hope to introduce topics in complex analysis of several variables that we think are important for a generalisation of the WH technique. We will focus on the similarities and differences between functions of one complex variable and functions of two complex variables. Elements of differential forms and homotopy theory will be addressed. We will start by reviewing some known attempts at building a 2D WH and explain why they were not successful. The framework of Fourier transforms and analytic functions in 2D will be introduced, leading us naturally to discuss multidimensional integration contours and their possible deformations. One of our main focus will be on polar and branch singularity sets and how to describe how a multidimensional contour bypasses these singularities. We will explain how multidimensional integral representation can be used in order to perform an analytical continuation of the unknowns of a 2D functional equation and why we believe it to be important. Finally, time permitting, we will discuss the branching structure of complex integrals depending on some parameters and introduce the socalled PicardLefschetz formulae.” 

WHT 
6th August 2019 14:15 to 15:30 
Michael Nieves 
Understanding dynamic crack growth in structured systems with the WienerHopf technique: Lecture 1
Crack propagation is a process accompanied by multiple phenomena at different scales. In particular, when a crack grows, microstructural
vibrations are released, emanating from the crack tip. Continuous models of
dynamic cracks are well known to
omit information concerning these microstructural processes [1]. On the other hand, tracing these vibrations on the microscale is possible if one considers a crack propagating in a structured system, such as a lattice [2, 3]. These models have a particular relevance in the design of metamaterials,
whose microstructure can be tailored to control dynamic effects for a variety of practical
purposes [4]. Similar approaches have been recently paving new pathways to understanding failure processes in civil engineering systems [5, 6].
In this lecture, we aim to demonstrate the importance of the WienerHopf technique in the analysis and solution of problems concerning waves and crack propagation in discrete periodic media. We begin with the model of a lattice system containing a crack and show how this can be reduced to a scalar WienerHopf equation through the Fourier transform. From this functional equation we identify all possible dynamic processes complementing the crack growth. We determine the solution to the problem and how this is used to predict crack growth regimes in numerical simulations. Other applications of the adopted method, including the analysis of the progressive collapse of largescale structures, are discussed. References [1] Marder, M. and Gross, S. (1995): Origin of crack tip instabilities, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 43, no. 1, 1 48. [2] Slepyan, L.I. (2001): Feeding and dissipative waves in fracture and phase transition I. Some 1D structures and a squarecell lattice, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 49, 469511. [3] Slepyan, L.I. (2002): Models and Phenomena in Fracture Mechanics, Foundations of Engineering Mechanics, Springer. [4] Mishuris, G.S., Movchan, A.B. and Slepyan, L.I., (2007): Waves and fracture in an inhomogeneous lattice structure, Wave Random Complex 17, no. 4, 409428. [5] Brun, M., Giaccu, G.F., Movchan, A.B., and Slepyan, L. I., (2014): Transition wave in the collapse of the San Saba Bridge, Front. Mater. 1:12. doi: 10.3389/fmats.2014.00012. [6] Nieves, M.J., Mishuris, G.S., Slepyan, L.I., (2016): Analysis of dynamic damage propagation in discrete beam structures, Int. J. Solids Struct. 9798, 699713. 

WHT 
6th August 2019 15:45 to 17:00 
Alexey Kuznetsov 
Computing the WienerHopf factors for Levy processes: Lecture 1
The
WienerHopf factorization is a fundamental result in the theory of Levy
processes; it provides a wealth of information about the first exit of the
underlying process from a halfline. The main goal of these lectures is to show
how to use complexanalytic methods to obtain explicit formulas for WienerHopf
factors for several important classes of Levy processes. We will start with
processes with jumps of rational transform, then we will discuss the class of
stable processes, explaining how one could recover from the WienerHopf factors
the distribution of the supremum of the process at a fixed time. Finally, we
will talk about the difficult problem of how a Levy process exits an interval,
which turns out to be related to WienerHopf factorization for certain 2x2
matrices. This latter problem is wide open for processes with doublesided
jumps and we will discuss what is currently known for stable processes.


WHT 
7th August 2019 09:00 to 10:15 
Raphael Assier, Andrey Shanin 
Towards a multivariable WienerHopf method: Lecture 2
A
multivariable, in particular two complex variables (2D), WienerHopf (WH)
method is one of the desired generalisations of the classical and celebrated WH
technique that are easily conceived but very hard to implement (the second one,
indeed, is the matrix WH). A 2D WH method, could potentially be used e.g. for
finding a solution to the canonical problem of diffraction by a quarterplane.
Unfortunately, multidimensional complex analysis seems to be way more complicated than complex analysis of a single variable. There exists a number of powerful theorems in it, but they are organised into several disjoint theories, and, generally all of them are far from the needs of WH. In this minilecture course, we hope to introduce topics in complex analysis of several variables that we think are important for a generalisation of the WH technique. We will focus on the similarities and differences between functions of one complex variable and functions of two complex variables. Elements of differential forms and homotopy theory will be addressed. We will start by reviewing some known attempts at building a 2D WH and explain why they were not successful. The framework of Fourier transforms and analytic functions in 2D will be introduced, leading us naturally to discuss multidimensional integration contours and their possible deformations. One of our main focus will be on polar and branch singularity sets and how to describe how a multidimensional contour bypasses these singularities. We will explain how multidimensional integral representation can be used in order to perform an analytical continuation of the unknowns of a 2D functional equation and why we believe it to be important. Finally, time permitting, we will discuss the branching structure of complex integrals depending on some parameters and introduce the socalled PicardLefschetz formulae.” 

WHT 
7th August 2019 10:30 to 11:45 
Guido Lombardi, J.M.L. Bernard 
The link between the WienerHopf and the generalised Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets methods: Lecture 1
The Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets (SM) method and the Wiener Hopf (WH) technique are different but closely related methods. In particular in the paper “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation” SIAM SIREV vol.21, No.2, April 1979, pp. 229245, J.B. Keller posed the following question “What features of the methods account for this difference?”. Furthermore J.B. Keller notes “it might be helpful to understand this in order to predict the success of other methods”. We agree with this opinion expressed by the giant of Diffraction. Furthermore we think that SM and WH applied to the same problems (for instance the polygon diffraction) can determine a helpful synergy. In the past the SM and WH methods were considered disconnected in particular because the SM method was traditionally defined with the angular complex representation while the WH method was traditionally defined in the Laplace domain. In this course we show that the two methods have significant points of similarity when the representation of problems in both methods are expressed in terms of difference equations. The two methods show their diversity in the solution procedures that are completely different and effective. Both similarity and diversity properties are of advantage in “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation”. Moreover both methods have demonstrated their efficacy in studying particularly complex problems, beyond the traditional problem of scattering by a wedge: in particular the scattering by a three part polygon that we will present. Recent progress in both methods: One of the most relevant recent progress in SM is the derivation of functional difference equations without the use of Maliuzhinets inversion theorem. One of the most relevant recent progress in WH is transformation of WH equations into integral equations for their effective solution 

WHT 
7th August 2019 12:00 to 13:15 
Sheehan Olver 
Orthogonal polynomials, singular integrals, and solving Riemann–Hilbert problems: Lecture 1
Orthogonal
polynomials are fundamental tools in numerical methods, including for singular
integral equations. A known result is that Cauchy transforms of weighted
orthogonal polynomials satisfy the same threeterm recurrences as the
orthogonal polynomials themselves for n > 0. This basic fact leads to
extremely effective schemes of calculating singular integrals and
discretisations of singular integral equations that converge spectrally fast
(faster than any algebraic power). Applications considered include matrix Riemann–Hilbert
problems on contours consisting of interconnected line segments and Wiener–Hopf
problems. This technique is extendible to calculating singular integrals with
logarithmic kernels, with applications to Green’s function reduction of PDEs
such as the Helmholtz equation.


WHT 
7th August 2019 14:15 to 15:30 
David Abrahams 
On the WienerHopf technique and its applications in science and engineering: Lecture 2
It
is a little nearly 90 years since two of the most important mathematicians of
the 20th century collaborated on finding the exact solution of a particular
equation with semiinfinite convolution type integral operator. The elegance
and analytical sophistication of the method, now called the WienerHopf
technique, impress all who use it. Its applicability to almost all branches of
engineering, mathematical physics and applied mathematics is borne out by the
many thousands of papers published on the subject since its conception.
This
series of three lectures will be informal in nature and directed at researchers
who are either at an early stage of their career or else unfamiliar with
particular aspects of the subject. Their aim is to demonstrate the beauty of
the topic and its wide range of applications, and will be delivered in a
traditional applied mathematical style. The lectures will not try to offer a
comprehensive overview of the literature but will instead focus on specific
topics that have been of interest over the years to the speaker.
The first lecture shall offer a subjective review of the subject, introducing the notation to be employed in later lectures, and indicating a sample of the enormous range of applications that have been found for the technique. The second lecture will focus on exact and approximate solution methods for scalar and vector WienerHopf equations, and indicate the similarities and differences of the various approaches used. The final lecture shall continue discussion of approximate approaches, combining these with one or more specific applications of current interest to the speaker. 

WHT 
7th August 2019 15:45 to 17:00 
Frank Speck 
From Sommerfeld diffraction problems to operator factorisation: Lecture 1
This lecture series is devoted to the interplay between diffraction and operator theory, particularly between the socalled canonical diffraction problems (exemplified by halfplane problems) on one hand and operator factorisation theory on the other hand. It is shown how operator factorisation concepts appear naturally from applications and how they can help to find solutions rigorously in case of wellposed problems as well as for illposed problems after an adequate normalisation. The operator theoretical approach has the advantage of a compact presentation of results simultaneously for wide classes of diffraction problems and space settings and gives a different and deeper understanding of the solution procedures. The main objective is to demonstrate how diffraction problems guide us to operator factorisation concepts and how useful those are to develop and to simplify the reasoning in the applications. In eight widely independent sections we shall address the following questions: How can we consider the classical WienerHopf procedure as an operator factorisation (OF) and what is the profit of that interpretation? What are the characteristics of WienerHopf operators occurring in Sommerfeld halfplane problems and their features in terms of functional analysis? What are the most relevant methods of constructive matrix factorisation in Sommerfeld problems? How does OF appear generally in linear boundary value and transmission problems and why is it useful to think about this question? What are adequate choices of function(al) spaces and symbol classes in order to analyse the wellposedness of problems and to use deeper results of factorisation theory? A sharp logical concept for equivalence and reduction of linear systems (in terms of OF) – why is it needed and why does it simplify and strengthen the reasoning? Where do we need other kinds of operator relations beyond OF? What are very practical examples for the use of the preceding ideas, e.g., in higher dimensional diffraction problems? Historical remarks and corresponding references are provided at the end of each section. 

WHT 
8th August 2019 09:00 to 10:15 
Frank Speck 
From Sommerfeld diffraction problems to operator factorisation: Lecture 2
This lecture series is devoted to the interplay between diffraction and operator theory, particularly between the socalled canonical diffraction problems (exemplified by halfplane problems) on one hand and operator factorisation theory on the other hand. It is shown how operator factorisation concepts appear naturally from applications and how they can help to find solutions rigorously in case of wellposed problems as well as for illposed problems after an adequate normalisation. The operator theoretical approach has the advantage of a compact presentation of results simultaneously for wide classes of diffraction problems and space settings and gives a different and deeper understanding of the solution procedures. The main objective is to demonstrate how diffraction problems guide us to operator factorisation concepts and how useful those are to develop and to simplify the reasoning in the applications. In eight widely independent sections we shall address the following questions: How can we consider the classical WienerHopf procedure as an operator factorisation (OF) and what is the profit of that interpretation? What are the characteristics of WienerHopf operators occurring in Sommerfeld halfplane problems and their features in terms of functional analysis? What are the most relevant methods of constructive matrix factorisation in Sommerfeld problems? How does OF appear generally in linear boundary value and transmission problems and why is it useful to think about this question? What are adequate choices of function(al) spaces and symbol classes in order to analyse the wellposedness of problems and to use deeper results of factorisation theory? A sharp logical concept for equivalence and reduction of linear systems (in terms of OF) – why is it needed and why does it simplify and strengthen the reasoning? Where do we need other kinds of operator relations beyond OF? What are very practical examples for the use of the preceding ideas, e.g., in higher dimensional diffraction problems? Historical remarks and corresponding references are provided at the end of each section. 

WHT 
8th August 2019 10:30 to 11:45 
Guido Lombardi, J.M.L. Bernard 
The link between the WienerHopf and the generalised Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets methods: Lecture 2
The
Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets (SM) method and the Wiener Hopf (WH) technique are
different but closely related methods. In particular in the paper “Progress and
Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation” SIAM SIREV vol.21, No.2,
April 1979, pp. 229245, J.B. Keller posed the following question “What
features of the methods account for this difference?”. Furthermore
J.B. Keller notes “it might be
helpful to understand this in order to predict the success of other methods”. We agree with this opinion expressed by the giant of Diffraction. Furthermore we think that SM and WH applied to the same problems (for instance the polygon diffraction) can determine a helpful synergy. In the past the SM and WH methods were considered disconnected in particular because the SM method was traditionally defined with the angular complex representation while the WH method was traditionally defined in the Laplace domain. In this course we show that the two methods have significant points of similarity when the representation of problems in both methods are expressed in terms of difference equations. The two methods show their diversity in the solution procedures that are completely different and effective. Both similarity and diversity properties are of advantage in “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation”. Moreover both methods have demonstrated their efficacy in studying particularly complex problems, beyond the traditional problem of scattering by a wedge: in particular the scattering by a three part polygon that we will present. Recent progress in both methods: One of the most relevant recent progress in SM is the derivation of functional difference equations without the use of Maliuzhinets inversion theorem. One of the most relevant recent progress in WH is transformation of WH equations into integral equations for their effective solution 

WHT 
8th August 2019 12:00 to 13:15 
Raphael Assier, Andrey Shanin 
Towards a multivariable WienerHopf method: Lecture 3
A
multivariable, in particular two complex variables (2D), WienerHopf (WH)
method is one of the desired generalisations of the classical and celebrated WH
technique that are easily conceived but very hard to implement (the second one,
indeed, is the matrix WH). A 2D WH method, could potentially be used e.g. for
finding a solution to the canonical problem of diffraction by a quarterplane.
Unfortunately, multidimensional complex analysis seems to be way more complicated than complex analysis of a single variable. There exists a number of powerful theorems in it, but they are organised into several disjoint theories, and, generally all of them are far from the needs of WH. In this minilecture course, we hope to introduce topics in complex analysis of several variables that we think are important for a generalisation of the WH technique. We will focus on the similarities and differences between functions of one complex variable and functions of two complex variables. Elements of differential forms and homotopy theory will be addressed. We will start by reviewing some known attempts at building a 2D WH and explain why they were not successful. The framework of Fourier transforms and analytic functions in 2D will be introduced, leading us naturally to discuss multidimensional integration contours and their possible deformations. One of our main focus will be on polar and branch singularity sets and how to describe how a multidimensional contour bypasses these singularities. We will explain how multidimensional integral representation can be used in order to perform an analytical continuation of the unknowns of a 2D functional equation and why we believe it to be important. Finally, time permitting, we will discuss the branching structure of complex integrals depending on some parameters and introduce the socalled PicardLefschetz formulae.” 

WHT 
8th August 2019 14:15 to 15:30 
Guido Lombardi, J.M.L. Bernard 
The link between the WienerHopf and the generalised Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets methods: Lecture 3
The Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets (SM) method and the Wiener Hopf (WH) technique are different but closely related methods. In particular in the paper “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation” SIAM SIREV vol.21, No.2, April 1979, pp. 229245, J.B. Keller posed the following question “What features of the methods account for this difference?”. Furthermore J.B. Keller notes “it might be helpful to understand this in order to predict the success of other methods”. We agree with this opinion expressed by the giant of Diffraction. Furthermore we think that SM and WH applied to the same problems (for instance the polygon diffraction) can determine a helpful synergy. In the past the SM and WH methods were considered disconnected in particular because the SM method was traditionally defined with the angular complex representation while the WH method was traditionally defined in the Laplace domain. In this course we show that the two methods have significant points of similarity when the representation of problems in both methods are expressed in terms of difference equations. The two methods show their diversity in the solution procedures that are completely different and effective. Both similarity and diversity properties are of advantage in “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation”. Moreover both methods have demonstrated their efficacy in studying particularly complex problems, beyond the traditional problem of scattering by a wedge: in particular the scattering by a three part polygon that we will present. Recent progress in both methods: One of the most relevant recent progress in SM is the derivation of functional difference equations without the use of Maliuzhinets inversion theorem. One of the most relevant recent progress in WH is transformation of WH equations into integral equations for their effective solution. 

WHT 
8th August 2019 15:45 to 17:00 
Alexey Kuznetsov 
Computing the WienerHopf factors for Levy processes: Lecture 2
The
WienerHopf factorization is a fundamental result in the theory of Levy
processes; it provides a wealth of information about the first exit of the
underlying process from a halfline. The main goal of these lectures is to show
how to use complexanalytic methods to obtain explicit formulas for WienerHopf
factors for several important classes of Levy processes. We will start with
processes with jumps of rational transform, then we will discuss the class of
stable processes, explaining how one could recover from the WienerHopf factors
the distribution of the supremum of the process at a fixed time. Finally, we
will talk about the difficult problem of how a Levy process exits an interval,
which turns out to be related to WienerHopf factorization for certain 2x2
matrices. This latter problem is wide open for processes with doublesided
jumps and we will discuss what is currently known for stable processes.


WHT 
9th August 2019 09:00 to 10:15 
Raphael Assier, Andrey Shanin 
Towards a multivariable WienerHopf method: Lecture 4
A
multivariable, in particular two complex variables (2D), WienerHopf (WH)
method is one of the desired generalisations of the classical and celebrated WH
technique that are easily conceived but very hard to implement (the second one,
indeed, is the matrix WH). A 2D WH method, could potentially be used e.g. for
finding a solution to the canonical problem of diffraction by a quarterplane. Unfortunately, multidimensional complex analysis seems to be way more complicated than complex analysis of a single variable. There exists a number of powerful theorems in it, but they are organised into several disjoint theories, and, generally all of them are far from the needs of WH. In this minilecture course, we hope to introduce topics in complex analysis of several variables that we think are important for a generalisation of the WH technique. We will focus on the similarities and differences between functions of one complex variable and functions of two complex variables. Elements of differential forms and homotopy theory will be addressed. We will start by reviewing some known attempts at building a 2D WH and explain why they were not successful. The framework of Fourier transforms and analytic functions in 2D will be introduced, leading us naturally to discuss multidimensional integration contours and their possible deformations. One of our main focus will be on polar and branch singularity sets and how to describe how a multidimensional contour bypasses these singularities. We will explain how multidimensional integral representation can be used in order to perform an analytical continuation of the unknowns of a 2D functional equation and why we believe it to be important. Finally, time permitting, we will discuss the branching structure of complex integr 

WHT 
9th August 2019 10:30 to 11:45 
Guido Lombardi, J.M.L. Bernard 
The link between the WienerHopf and the generalised Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets methods: Lecture 4
The Sommerfeld Malyuzhinets (SM) method and the Wiener Hopf (WH) technique are different but closely related methods. In particular in the paper “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation” SIAM SIREV vol.21, No.2, April 1979, pp. 229245, J.B. Keller posed the following question “What features of the methods account for this difference?”. Furthermore J.B. Keller notes “it might be helpful to understand this in order to predict the success of other methods”. We agree with this opinion expressed by the giant of Diffraction. Furthermore we think that SM and WH applied to the same problems (for instance the polygon diffraction) can determine a helpful synergy. In the past the SM and WH methods were considered disconnected in particular because the SM method was traditionally defined with the angular complex representation while the WH method was traditionally defined in the Laplace domain. In this course we show that the two methods have significant points of similarity when the representation of problems in both methods are expressed in terms of difference equations. The two methods show their diversity in the solution procedures that are completely different and effective. Both similarity and diversity properties are of advantage in “Progress and Prospects in The Theory of Linear Waves Propagation”. Moreover both methods have demonstrated their efficacy in studying particularly complex problems, beyond the traditional problem of scattering by a wedge: in particular the scattering by a three part polygon that we will present. Recent progress in both methods: One of the most relevant recent progress in SM is the derivation of functional difference equations without the use of Maliuzhinets inversion theorem. One of the most relevant recent progress in WH is transformation of WH equations into integral equations for their effective solution 

WHT 
9th August 2019 12:00 to 13:15 
Sheehan Olver 
Orthogonal polynomials, singular integrals, and solving Riemann–Hilbert problems: Lecture 2
Orthogonal
polynomials are fundamental tools in numerical methods, including for singular
integral equations. A known result is that Cauchy transforms of weighted
orthogonal polynomials satisfy the same threeterm recurrences as the
orthogonal polynomials themselves for n > 0. This basic fact leads to
extremely effective schemes of calculating singular integrals and
discretisations of singular integral equations that converge spectrally fast
(faster than any algebraic power). Applications considered include matrix Riemann–Hilbert
problems on contours consisting of interconnected line segments and Wiener–Hopf
problems. This technique is extendible to calculating singular integrals with
logarithmic kernels, with applications to Green’s function reduction of PDEs
such as the Helmholtz equation.
Using novel changeofvariable formulae, we will adapt these results to tackle singular integral equations on more general smooth arcs, geometries with corners, and Wiener–Hopf problems whose solutions only decay algebraically. 

WHT 
9th August 2019 14:15 to 15:30 
Michael Nieves 
Understanding dynamic crack growth in structured systems with the WienerHopf technique: Lecture 2
Crack propagation is a process accompanied by multiple phenomena at different scales. In particular, when a crack grows, microstructural
vibrations are released, emanating from the crack tip. Continuous models of
dynamic cracks are well known to
omit information concerning these microstructural processes [1]. On the other hand, tracing these vibrations on the microscale is possible if one considers a crack propagating in a structured system, such as a lattice [2, 3]. These models have a particular relevance in the design of metamaterials,
whose microstructure can be tailored to control dynamic effects for a variety of practical
purposes [4]. Similar approaches have been recently paving new pathways to understanding failure processes in civil engineering systems [5, 6].
In this lecture, we aim to demonstrate the importance of the WienerHopf technique in the analysis and solution of problems concerning waves and crack propagation in discrete periodic media. We begin with the model of a lattice system containing a crack and show how this can be reduced to a scalar WienerHopf equation through the Fourier transform. From this functional equation we identify all possible dynamic processes complementing the crack growth. We determine the solution to the problem and how this is used to predict crack growth regimes in numerical simulations. Other applications of the adopted method, including the analysis of the progressive collapse of largescale structures, are discussed. References [1] Marder, M. and Gross, S. (1995): Origin of crack tip instabilities, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 43, no. 1, 1 48. [2] Slepyan, L.I. (2001): Feeding and dissipative waves in fracture and phase transition I. Some 1D structures and a squarecell lattice, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 49, 469511. [3] Slepyan, L.I. (2002): Models and Phenomena in Fracture Mechanics, Foundations of Engineering Mechanics, Springer. [4] Mishuris, G.S., Movchan, A.B. and Slepyan, L.I., (2007): Waves and fracture in an inhomogeneous lattice structure, Wave Random Complex 17, no. 4, 409428. [5] Brun, M., Giaccu, G.F., Movchan, A.B., and Slepyan, L. I., (2014): Transition wave in the collapse of the San Saba Bridge, Front. Mater. 1:12. doi: 10.3389/fmats.2014.00012. [6] Nieves, M.J., Mishuris, G.S., Slepyan, L.I., (2016): Analysis of dynamic damage propagation in discrete beam structures, Int. J. Solids Struct. 9798, 699713. 

WHT 
9th August 2019 15:45 to 17:00 
Frank Speck 
From Sommerfeld diffraction problems to operator factorisation: Lecture 3
This lecture series is devoted to the interplay between diffraction and operator theory, particularly between the socalled canonical diffraction problems (exemplified by halfplane problems) on one hand and operator factorisation theory on the other hand. It is shown how operator factorisation concepts appear naturally from applications and how they can help to find solutions rigorously in case of wellposed problems as well as for illposed problems after an adequate normalisation. The operator theoretical approach has the advantage of a compact presentation of results simultaneously for wide classes of diffraction problems and space settings and gives a different and deeper understanding of the solution procedures. The main objective is to demonstrate how diffraction problems guide us to operator factorisation concepts and how useful those are to develop and to simplify the reasoning in the applications. In eight widely independent sections we shall address the following questions: How can we consider the classical WienerHopf procedure as an operator factorisation (OF) and what is the profit of that interpretation? What are the characteristics of WienerHopf operators occurring in Sommerfeld halfplane problems and their features in terms of functional analysis? What are the most relevant methods of constructive matrix factorisation in Sommerfeld problems? How does OF appear generally in linear boundary value and transmission problems and why is it useful to think about this question? What are adequate choices of function(al) spaces and symbol classes in order to analyse the wellposedness of problems and to use deeper results of factorisation theory? A sharp logical concept for equivalence and reduction of linear systems (in terms of OF) – why is it needed and why does it simplify and strengthen the reasoning? Where do we need other kinds of operator relations beyond OF? What are very practical examples for the use of the preceding ideas, e.g., in higher dimensional diffraction problems? Historical remarks and corresponding references are provided at the end of each section. 

WHTW01 
12th August 2019 10:00 to 11:00 
Frank Speck 
WienerHopf factorisation through an intermediate space and applications to diffraction theory
An operator factorisation conception is investigated for a general WienerHopf operator $W = P_2 A _{P_1 X}$ where $X,Y$ are Banach spaces, $P_1 in mathcal{L}(X), P_2 in mathcal{L}(Y)$ are projectors and $A in mathcal{L}(X,Y)$ is invertible. Namely we study a particular factorisation of $A = A_ C A_+$ where $A_+ : X ightarrow Z$ and $A_ : Z ightarrow Y$ have certain invariance properties and the cross factor $C : Z ightarrow Z$ splits the "intermediate space" $Z$ into complemented subspaces closely related to the kernel and cokernel of $W$, such that $W$ is equivalent to a "simpler" operator, $W sim P C_{P Z}$. The main result shows equivalence between the generalised invertibility of the WienerHopf operator and this kind of factorisation (provided $P_1 sim P_2$) which implies a formula for a generalised inverse of $W$. It embraces I.B. Simonenko's generalised factorisation of matrix measurable functions in $L^p$ spaces and various other factorisation approaches. As applications we consider interface problems in weak formulation for the ndimensional Helmholtz equation in $Omega = mathbb{R}^n_+ cup mathbb{R}^n_$ (due to $x_n > 0$ or $x_n respectively), where the interface $Gamma = partial Omega$ is identified with $mathbb{R}^{n1}$ and divided into two parts, $Sigma$ and $Sigma'$, with different transmission conditions of first and second kind. These two parts are halfspaces of $mathbb{R}^{n1}$ (halfplanes for $n = 3$). We construct explicitly resolvent operators acting from the interface data into the energy space $H^1(Omega)$. The approach is based upon the present factorisation conception and avoids an interpretation of the factors as unbounded operators. In a natural way, we meet anisotropic Sobolev spaces which reflect the edge asymptotic of diffracted waves. 

WHTW01 
12th August 2019 11:30 to 12:30 
Eugene Shargorodsky 
Quantitative results on continuity of the spectral factorisation mapping
It is well known that the matrix spectral factorisation mapping is continuous from the Lebesgue space $L^1$ to the Hardy space $H^2$ under the additional assumption of uniform integrability of the logarithms of the spectral densities to be factorised (S. Barclay; G. Janashia, E. Lagvilava, and L. Ephremidze). The talk will report on a joint project with Lasha Epremidze and Ilya Spitkovsky, which aims at obtaining quantitative results characterising this continuity. 

WHTW01 
12th August 2019 13:30 to 14:00 
Raphael Assier  Recent advances in the quarterplane problem using functions of two complex variables  
WHTW01 
12th August 2019 14:00 to 14:30 
J.M.L. Bernard 
Novel exact and asymptotic series with error functions, for a function involved in diffraction theory: the incomplete Bessel function
The
incomplete Bessel function, closely related to incomplete LipschitzHankel
integrals, is a well known known special function commonly encountered in many
problems of physics, in particular in wave propagation and diffraction [1][5].
We
present here novel exact and asymptotic series with error functions, for
arbitrary complex arguments and integer order, derived from our recent
publication [5].
[1] Shimoda M, Iwaki R, Miyoshi M, Tretyakov OA, 'Wienerhopf analysis of transient phenomenon caused by timevarying resistive screen in waveguide', IEICE transactions on electronics, vol. E85C, 10, pp.18001807, 2002 [2] DS Jones, 'Incomplete Bessel functions. I', proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, 50, pp 173183, 2007 [3] MM Agrest, MM Rikenglaz, 'Incomplete LipshitzHankel integrals', USSR Comp. Math. and Math Phys., vol 7, 6, pp.206211, 1967 [4] MM Agrest amd MS Maksimov, 'Theory of incomplete cylinder functions and their applications', Springer, 1971. [5] JML Bernard, 'Propagation over a constant impedance plane: arbitrary primary sources and impedance, analysis of cut in active case, exact series, and complete asymptotics', IEEE TAP, vol. 66, 12, 2018 

WHTW01 
12th August 2019 14:30 to 15:00 
Andrey Shanin  Ordered Exponential (OE) equation as an alternative to the WienerHopf method  
WHTW01 
12th August 2019 15:00 to 15:30 
Anastasia Kisil  Generalisation of the WienerHopf pole removal method and application to n by n matrix functions  
WHTW01 
12th August 2019 16:00 to 16:30 
Basant Lal Sharma 
WienerHopf factorisation on the unit circle: some examples of discrete scattering problems
I will provide certain examples of scattering problems,
motivated by lattice waves (phonons), electronic waves under certain
assumptions, nanoscale effects, etc in crystals. The mathematical formulation
is posed on lattices and involves difference equations that can be reduced to
the problem of WienerHopf on the unit circle (in an annulus in complex plane).
In some of these examples, the WienerHopf
problem is scalar, while in other cases it is a matrix WienerHopf
problem. For the latter, in a few cases it may be reduced to a scalar problem
but it appears to be not the case in others. Some of these problems can be
considered as discrete analogues of wellknown WienerHopf equations in
continuum models on the real line (in an strip in complex plane), a few of
which are still open problems.


WHTW01 
12th August 2019 16:30 to 17:00 
Grigori Giorgadze 
On the partial indices of piecewise constant matrix functions
Every holomorphic vector bundle
on Riemann
sphere splits into the direct sum of
line bundles and the total Chern number of this vector bundle is equal to sum of Chern numbers of line
bundles. The integervalued vector with components Chern number of line bundles
is called splitting type of holomorphic vector bundle and is analytic invariant
of complex vector bundles.
There exists a onetoone correspondence between the H\"older continues matrix function and the holomorphic vector bundles described above, wherein the splitting type of vector bundles coincides with partial indices of matrix functions. It is known that every holomorphic vector bundle equipped with meromorphic (in general) connection with logarithmic singularities at finite set of marked points and corresponding meromorphic 1from have first order poles in marked points and removable singularity at infinity. The Fucshian system of equations induced from this 1form gives the monodromy representation of the fundamental group of Riemann sphere without marked points. The monodromy representation induces trivial holomorphic vector bundles with connection. The extension of the pair (\texttt{bundle, connection}) on the Riemann sphere is not unique and defines a family of holomorphically nontrivial vector bundles. In the talk we present about the following statements: 1. From the solvability condition (in the sense Galois differential theory) of the Fuchsian system follows formula for computation of partial indices of piecewise constant matrix function. 2. All extensions of vector bundle on noncompact Riemann surface correspond to rational matrix functions algorithmically computable by monodromy matrices of Fucshian system. This work was supported, in part, by the Shota Rustaveli National Science Foundation under Grant No 1796. 

WHTW01 
13th August 2019 09:00 to 10:00 
Ilya Spitkovsky 
WienerHopf factorization: the peculiarities of the matrix almost periodic case
For several classes
of functions invertibility and
factorability are equivalent; such is the case, e.g., for the Wiener class W or
the algebra APW of almost periodic functions with absolutely convergent
BohrFourier series.
The result for W extends to the matrix setting; not so
for APW. Moreover, the factorability criterion even for 2by2 triangular
matrix functions with APW entries and constant determinant remains a mystery.
We will discuss some known results in this direction, and more specific open
problems.


WHTW01 
13th August 2019 10:00 to 11:00 
Lasha Ephremidze 
On JanashiaLagvilava method of matrix spectral factorisation
JanashiaLagvilava method is a relatively new algorithm of matrix spectral factorisation which can be applied to compute an approximate spectral factor of any matrix function (nonrational, large scale, singular) which satisfies the necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of spectral factorisation. The numerical properties of the method strongly depend on the way it is algorithmised and we propose its efficient algorithmisation. The method has already been successfully used in connectivity analysis of complex networks. The algorithm has the potential to be used in control system design and implementation for the required optimal controller computations by using frequency response data directly from measurements on real systems. It also provides a robust way of Granger causality computation for noisy singular data. 

WHTW01 
13th August 2019 11:30 to 12:30 
Andreas Kyprianou 
WienerHopf Factorisations for Levy processes
We give an introduction to the the theory of WienerHopf
factoirsations for Levy processes and discuss some very recent examples which
are stimulated by some remarkable connections with selfsimilar Markov
processes.


WHTW01 
13th August 2019 13:30 to 14:30 
Sergei Rogosin 
Factorisation of triangular matrixfunctions of arbitrary order
It will be discussed an efficient method for factorization of square triangular matrixfunctions of arbitrary order which was recently proposed in [1]. The idea goes back to the paper by G. N. Chebotarev [2] who constructed factorisation of 2x2 triangular matrixfunctions by using representation of the certain functions related to entries of the initial matrix into continuous fraction. In order to avoid additional technical difficulties, we consider matrixfunctions with Hoelder continuous entries. Tough the proposed method could be realised for wider classes of matrixfunctions. Chebotarev's method is extended here to the triangular matrixfunctions of arbitrary order. An inductive consideration which allows to obtain such an extension is based on an auxiliary statement. Theoretical construction is illustrated by a number of examples. The talk is based on a joint work with Dr. L. Primachuk and Dr. M.Dubatovskaya. 1. Primachuk, L., Rogosin, S.: Factorization of triangular matrixfunctions of an arbitrary order, Lobachevsky J. Math., 39 (6), 809–817 (2018) 2. Chebotarev, G. N.: Partial indices of the Riemann boundary value problem with a triangular matrix of the second order, Uspekhi Mat. Nauk, XI (3(69)), 192_202 (1956) (in Russian). 

WHTW01 
13th August 2019 14:30 to 15:00 
Cristina Camara 
A RiemannHilbert approach to Einstein field equations
The field equations of gravitational theories in 4 dimensions are nonlinear PDE's that are difficult to solve in general. By restricting to a subspace of solutions that only depend on two spacetime coordinates, alternative approaches to solving those equations become available. We present here the RiemannHilbert approach, looking at the dimensionally reduced field equations as an integrable system associated to a certain Lax pair, whose solutions can be obtained by factorizing a so called monodromy matrix. This approach allows for the explicit construction of solutions to the nonlinear gravitational field equations using simple complex analytic methods.


WHTW01 
13th August 2019 15:00 to 15:30 
Aloknath Chakrabarti 
Solving WienerHopf Problems by the aid of Fredholm Integral Equations of the Second Kind
A class of WienerHopf problems is shown to be solvable by reducing the original problems to Fredholm integral equations of the second kind. The resulting Fredholm integral equations are shown to be finally solvable, numerically, by using standard techniques. The present method is found to be applicable to systems of WienerHopf problems, for which the WienerHopf factorization of matrices can be avoided. Several examples are taken up, demonstrating the present method of solution of WienerHopf problems.


WHTW01 
13th August 2019 16:00 to 16:30 
Victor Adukov 
On explicit and exact solutions of the WienerHopf factorization problem for some matrix functions
By an explicit solution of the factorization problem we mean the solution that can be found by finite number of some steps which we call "explicit". When we solve a specific factorization problem we must rigorously define these steps. In this talk we will do this for matrix polynomials, rational matrix functions, analytic matrix functions, meromorphic matrix functions, triangular matrix functions and others. For these classes we describe the data and procedures that are necessary for the explicit solution of the factorization problem. Since the factorization problem is unstable, the explicit solvability of the problem does not mean that we can get its numerical solution. This is the principal obstacle to use the WienerHopf techniques in applied problems. For the above mentioned classes the main reason of the instability is the instability of the rank of a matrix. Numerical experiments show that the use of SVD for computation of the ranks often allows us to correctly find the partial indices for matrix polynomials. To create a test case set for numerical experiments we have to solve the problem exactly. By the exact solutions of the factorization problem we mean those solutions that can be found by symbolic computation. In the talk we obtain necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of the exact solution to the problem for matrix polynomials and propose an algorithm for constructing of the exact solution. The solver modules in SymPy and in Maple that implement this algorithm are designed. 

WHTW01 
13th August 2019 16:30 to 17:00 
Valery Smyshlyaev 
Whispering gallery waves diffraction by boundary inflection: an unsolved canonical problem
The problem of interest is that of a whispering gallery
highfrequency asymptotic mode propagating along a concave part of a boundary
and approaching a boundary inflection point. Like Airy ODE and associated Airy
function are fundamental for describing transition from oscillatory to
exponentially decaying asymptotic behaviors, the boundary inflection problem
leads to an arguably equally fundamental canonical boundaryvalue problem for a
special PDE, describing transition from a “modal” to a “scattered”
highfrequency asymptotic behaviour. The latter problem
was first formulated and analysed by M.M. Popov starting from 1970s. The
associated solutions have asymptotic behaviors of a modal type (hence with a
discrete spectrum) at one end and of a scattering type (with a continuous
spectrum) at the other end. Of central interest is to find the map connecting
the above two asymptotic regimes. The problem however lacks separation of
variables, except in the asymptotical sense at both of the above ends.
Nevertheless, the problem asymptotically admits certain complex contour integral solutions, see [1] and further references therein. Further, a nonstandard perturbation analysis at the continuous spectrum end can be performed, ultimately describing the desired map connecting the two asymptotic representations. It also permits a reformulation as a onedimensional boundary integral equation, whose regularization allows its further asymptotic and numerical analysis. We briefly review all the above, with an interesting open question being whether the presence of an ‘incoming’ and an ‘outgoing’ parts in the sought complex integral solution implies relevance of factorization techniques of WienerHopf type. [1] D. P. Hewett, J. R. Ockendon, V. P. Smyshlyaev, Contour integral solutions of the parabolic wave equation, Wave Motion, 84, 90–109 (2019) Preformatted version: http://www.newton.ac.uk/files/webform/587.tex 

WHTW01 
14th August 2019 09:00 to 10:00 
Michael Marder 
Analytical solutions of dynamic fracture and friction at the atomic scale
Following an example set by Slepyan, it proves possible to employ the WienerHopf method to obtain exact solutions for fracture and friction problems at the atomic scale. I will describe a number of physical phenomena that have been analyzed in this way. These include the velocity gap and microbranching instability for dynamic cracks, a connection of friction with selfhealing pulses, and resolution of the energy transport paradox for supersonic cracks.


WHTW01 
14th August 2019 10:00 to 10:30 
John Raymond Willis 
Transmission and reflection at an interface between metamaterial and ordinary material
A contribution to the subject in the title is made, in the case that the metamaterial has random microstructure. A variational approach permits the development of a system of integral equations which can be replaced by a WienerHopf system.The equations retain information on the metamaterial up to twopoint probabilities. The formulation will be developed in detail for a configuration of particular simplicity  acoustic materials, all with the same modulus but different densities. A special case, for which the problem reduces to a very simple scalar WienerHopf problem, has been solved, giving explicit formulae for transmission and reflection coefficients. It should be possible to develop the analysis further and obtain more general solutions... It is likely that the audience will be able to provide useful input.


WHTW01 
14th August 2019 10:30 to 11:00 
Leonid Slepyan 
Greater generality brings simplicity
In this talk, I will discuss listed below problems with attendant circumstances and the results following straightforwardly from the formulation: Mechanical wave momentum from the first principles. Wave Motion, 2016, 68, 283290. On the energy partition in oscillations and waves. Proc. R. Soc. A, 2015, 471: 20140838. Betty Theorem and Orthogonality Relations for Eigenfunctions. Mechanics of Solids, 1979, 14, 7477. On a displacement of a deformable body in an acoustic medium. J. Appl. Math. Mech., 1963, 27, 14021411, and possibly some others. 

WHTW01 
14th August 2019 11:30 to 12:00 
Alexander Movchan 
Homogenisation and a WienerHopf formulation for a scattering problem around a semiinfinite elastic structured duct
Authors: I.S. Jones, N.V. Movchan, A.B. Movchan Abstract: The lecture will cover analysis of elastic waves in a flexural plate, which contains a semiinfinite structured duct. The problem is reduced to a functional equation of the WienerHopf type. The Kernel function reflects on the quasiperiodic Green's function for an infinite periodic structure. Analysis of the Kernel function enables us to identify localised waveguide modes. Homogenisation approximation has been derived to explain the modulation of the wave trapped within the structured duct. Analytical findings are accompanied by numerical examples and simulations. 

WHTW01 
14th August 2019 12:00 to 12:30 
Lev Truskinovsky 
Supersonic kinks in active solids
To show that steadily propagating nonlinear waves in
active matter can be driven internally, we develop a
prototypical model of a topological kink moving with
a constant supersonic speed in a discrete bistable FPU
chain capable of generating active stress. In contrast to
subsonic kinks in such systems, that are necessarily dissipative, the obtained supersonic
solutions are purely antidissipative. Joint work with N. Gorbushin.


WHTW01 
15th August 2019 09:00 to 10:00 
Malte Peter 
Waterwave forcing on submerged plates
We discuss the application of the WienerHopf method to linear waterwave interactions with submerged plates. As the guiding problem, the WienerHopf method is used to derive an explicit expression for the reflection coefficient when a plane wave is obliquely incident upon a submerged semiinfinite porous plate in water of finite depth. Having used the Cauchy Integral Method in the factorisation, the expression does not rely on knowledge of any of the complexvalued eigenvalues or corresponding vertical eigenfunctions in the region occupied by the plate. It is shown that the Residue Calculus technique yields the same result as the WienerHopf method for this problem and this is also used to derive an analytical expression for the solution of the corresponding finiteplate problem. Applications to submerged rigid plates and elastic plates are discussed as well.


WHTW01 
15th August 2019 10:00 to 10:30 
Xun Huang 
Turbofan noise detection and control studies by the WienerHopf Technique
This talk would focus on one of the main themes of this
workshop: the diverse applications of the WienerHopf
technique for aerospace in general and turbofan noise problems in particular.
First, I will give a theoretical model based on the WienerHopf method (and
matrix kernel
factorisation) to unveil possible noise control
mechanisms due to trailingedge chevrons on the bypass duct of aircraft engine.
Next, I will propose a new testing approach that relies on the forward
propagation model based on the WienerHopf method. The key contribution is the
development of the inverse acoustic scattering approach for a sensor array by
combining compressive sensing in a nonclassical way. Last but not least, I
will demonstrate some of the new aerospace applications of the WienerHopf
technique with recently popular deep neural networks.


WHTW01 
15th August 2019 10:30 to 11:00 
Elena Luca 
Numerical solution of matrix Wiener–Hopf problems via a Riemann–Hilbert formulation
In this talk, we present a fast and accurate numerical method for the solution of scalar and matrix Wiener–Hopf problems. The Wiener–Hopf problems are formulated as Riemann–Hilbert problems on the real line, and the numerical approach for such problems of e.g. Trogdon & Olver (2015) is employed. It is shown that the known farfield behaviour of the solutions can be exploited to construct tailormade numerical schemes providing accurate results. A number of scalar and matrix Wiener–Hopf problems that generalize the classical Sommerfeld problem of diffraction of plane waves by a semiinfinite plane are solved using the new approach. This is joint work with Prof. Stefan G. Llewellyn Smith (UCSD). 

WHTW01 
15th August 2019 11:30 to 12:00 
Vito Daniele 
Fredholm factorization of WienerHopf equations (presented by Guido Lombardi)
In spite of the great efforts by many studies, there have been little progresses towards a general method of constructive factorizations to get exact solution of vector WH equations. The aim of this talk is the presentation of an alternative solution technique that is based to the reduction of the WH equations to Fredholm equations of second kind (Fredholm factorization). The presentation will focus to the applications of the Fredholm factorization to WH equations occurring in diffraction problem. In particular it is based on five steps:1) Deduction of the WH equations of the problem,2) Reduction of the WH equations to Fredholm integral equations (FIE) ,3) Solution of the Fredholm integral equations , 4)Analytical continuation of the numerical solution of the FIE,5) Evaluation of the physical field components if present: reflected and refracted plane waves, diffracted fields, surface waves, lateral waves, leaky waves, mode excitations, near field. A characteristic example of problem will be presented in the following talk. 

WHTW01 
15th August 2019 12:00 to 12:30 
Guido Lombardi 
Complex scattering and radiation problems using the Generalized WienerHopf Technique
This talk focuses on the effectiveness of Generalized WienerHopf Technique (GWHT) in studying complex scattering and radiation problems constituted of planar and angular regions made by impenetrable and/or composite penetrable materials. First, we present theoretical models in the spectral domain using Generalized WienerHopf equations (GWHEs). Next, we apply the novel and effective Fredholm factorization technique to get semi analytical solution of the problem by using integral equation representations. The semianalyticity of the GWHT solution allows physical insights in terms of spectral component of fields. The case study presented in the talk is the electromagnetic field scattering and radiation of a perfectly electrically conducting wedge over a grounded dielectric slab.Authors: V. Daniele, G. Lombardi, R.S. Zich, Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy 

WHTW01 
15th August 2019 13:30 to 14:00 
Justin Jaworski 
Owlinspired mechanisms of turbulence noise reduction
Many owl species rely on specialized plumage to mitigate
their aerodynamic noise and achieve functionallysilent flight while hunting.
One such plumage feature, a tattered arrangement of
flexible trailingedge feathers, is idealized as a semiinfinite poroelastic
plate to model the effects that edge compliance and flow seepage have on the
noise production.
The interaction of the poroelastic edge with a turbulent
eddy is examined analytically with respect to how efficiently the edge scatters
the eddy as aerodynamic noise. The scattering event is formulated and solved as
a scalar WienerHopf problem to identify how the noise scales with the flight
velocity, where special attention is paid to the limiting cases of rigidporous
and elasticimpermeable plate conditions. Results from this analysis identify
new parameter spaces where the porous and/or elastic properties of a trailing
edge may be tailored to diminish or effectively eliminate the edge scattering
effect and may contribute to the owl hushkit.


WHTW01 
15th August 2019 14:00 to 14:30 
Nikolai Gorbushin 
Steadystate interfacial cracks in bimaterial elastic lattices
Fracture mechanics serves both engineering and science in
various ways, such as studies of material integrity and physics of earthquakes.
Its main object is to analyse crack nucleation and growth depending on features
of a particular application. It is common to study cracks in homogeneous
materials, however analysis of cracks in bimaterials is important as well,
especially in modelling of frictional motion between solids at macroscale and
intergranular fracture in polycrystallines at microscale. The analysis of
fracture in dissimilar materials is the main topic of this research. We present
the analytical model of steadystate cracks in bimaterial square lattices and
show its connection with associated macrolevel fracture problem. We consider a semiinfinite crack propagating
along the interface between two massspring square lattices of different
properties. Assuming the linear interaction between lattice masses, we can
apply integral transforms and obtain the matrix WienerHopf problem from
original equations of motion. In this particular case, the kernel matrix is
triangular which significantly simplifies the factorisation procedure and even
makes possible to reduce to the scalar WienerHopf problem. The discreteness of
the problem, however, does not allow to derive factorisation analytically and
numerical factorisation was performed. We show that the problem discreteness
reveals microscopic radiation in form of decaying elastic waves emanating from
a crack tip. These waves are invisible at macroscale but their energy
contributes to the global energy dissipation during the fracture process. We
also demonstrate effects of the material properties mismatch and link the
microscopic parameters with the macrolevel fracture characteristics.


WHTW01 
15th August 2019 14:30 to 15:00 
Matthew Priddin 
Using iteration to solve n by n matrix WienerHopf equations involving exponential factors with numerical implementation
WienerHopf equations involving $n\times n$ matrices can
arise when solving mixed boundary value problems with $n$ junctions at which
the boundary condition to be imposed changes form. The offset Fourier transforms of the unknown
boundary values lead to exponential factors which require careful consideration
when applying the WienerHopf technique. We consider the generalisation of an
iterative method introduced recently (Kisil
2018) from $2\times 2$ to $n\times n$ problems. This may
be effectively implemented numerically by employing a spectral method to
compute Cauchy transforms. We illustrate the approach through various examples
of scattering from collinear rigid plates and consider the merits of the
iterative method relative to alternative approaches to similar problems.


WHTW01 
15th August 2019 15:00 to 15:30 
Francesco Dal corso 
Moving boundary value problems in the dynamics of structures
The dynamics of structures partially inserted into a
frictionless sliding sleeve defines a moving boundary value problem revealing
the presence of an outward configurational force at the constraint, parallel to
the sliding direction. The configurational force, differing from that obtained
the quasistatic case only for a negligible proportionality coefficient,
strongly affects the motion and introduces intriguing structural dynamic
response.
This will be shown through the two following problems:
 The sudden release of a rod with a concentrated weight attached at one end [1]. The solution of a differentialalgebraic equation (DAE) system provides the evolution, where the elastic rod may slip alternatively in and out from the sliding sleeve. The nonlinear dynamics eventually ends with the rod completely injected into or completely ejected from the constraint;  The vibrations of a periodic and infinite structural system [2]. Through BlochFloquet analysis it is shown that the band gap structure for purely longitudinal vibration is broken so that axial propagation may occur at frequencies that are forbidden in the absence of a transverse oscillation. Moreover, conditions for which flexural oscillation may induce axial resonance are disclosed. The results represent innovative concepts ready to be used in advanced applications, ranging from softrobotics to earthquake protection. Acknowledgments: Financial support from the Marie SklodowskaCurie project 'INSPIRE  Innovative ground interface concepts for structure protection' PITNGA2019813424INSPIRE. [1] Armanini, Dal Corso, Misseroni, Bigoni (2019). Configurational forces and nonlinear structural dynamics. J. Mech. Phys. Solids, doi: 10.1016/j.jmps.2019.05.009 [2] Dal Corso, Tallarico, Movchan, Movchan, Bigoni, (2019). Nested Bloch waves in elastic structures with configurational forces. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, doi: 10.1098/rsta.2019.0101 

WHTW01 
15th August 2019 16:00 to 16:30 
Larissa Fradkin 
Elastic wedge diffraction, with applications to nondestructive evaluation
Coauthors: Samar Chehade and Michel Darmon Diffraction of the elastic plane wave by an infinite straightedged 2D or 3D wedge made of an isotropic solid is a canonical problem that has no analytical solution. We review three major semianalytical approaches to this problem and discuss their application in nondestructive evaluation as well as testing, crossvalidation and experimental validation. We draw attention to high sensitivity of the backscatter diffraction coefficients to the Poisson ratio. 

WHTW01 
15th August 2019 16:30 to 17:00 
Davide Bigoni 
Shear band dynamics
When a ductile material is subject to severe strain, failure is preluded by the emergence of shear bands, which initially nucleate in a small area, but quickly extend rectilinearly and accumulate damage, until they degenerate into fractures. Therefore, research on shear bands yields a fundamental understanding of the intimate rules of failure, so that it may be important in the design of new materials with superior mechanical performances.A shear band of finite length, formed inside a ductile material at a certain stage of a continued homogeneous strain, provides a dynamic perturbation to an incident wave field, which strongly influences the dynamics of the material and affects its path to failure. The investigation of this perturbation is presented for a ductile metal, with reference to the incremental mechanics of a material obeying the J2–deformation theory of plasticity. The treatment originates from the derivation of integral representations relating the incremental mechanical fields at every point of the medium to the incremental displacement jump across the shear band faces, generated by an impinging wave. The boundary integral equations are numerically approached through a collocation technique, which keeps into account the singularity at the shear band tips and permits the analysis of an incident wave impinging a shear band. It is shown that the presence of the shear band induces a resonance, visible in the incremental displacement field and in the stress intensity factor at the shear band tips, which promotes shear band growth. Moreover, the waves scattered by the shear band are shown to generate a fine texture of vibrations, parallel to the shear band line and propagating at a long distance from it, but leaving a sort of conical shadow zone, which emanates from the tips of the shear band [1,2]. References [1] Giarola, D., Capuani, D. Bigoni, D. (2018) The dynamics of a shear band. J. Mech. Phys. Solids, 112, 472490. [2] Giarola, D., Capuani, D. Bigoni, D. (2018) Dynamic interaction of multiple shear bands. Scientific Reports 8 16033 

WHTW01 
16th August 2019 09:00 to 10:00 
Dmitry Ponomarev 
Spectral theory of convolution operators on finite intervals: small and large interval asymptotics
Onedimensional convolution integral operators play a crucial role in a variety of different contexts such as approximation and probability theory, signal processing, physical problems in radiation transfer, neutron transport, diffraction problems, geological prospecting issues and quantum gases statistics,. Motivated by this, we consider a generic eigenvalue problem for onedimensional convolution integral operator on an interval where the kernel is realvalued even $C^1$smooth function which (in case of large interval) is absolutely integrable on the real line. We show how this spectral problem can be solved by two different asymptotic techniques that take advantage of the size of the interval. In case of small interval, this is done by approximation with an integral operator for which there exists a commuting differential operator thereby reducing the problem to a boundaryvalue problem for secondorder ODE, and often giving the solution in terms of explicitly available special functions such as prolate spheroidal harmonics. In case of large interval, the solution hinges on solvability, by RiemannHilbert approach, of an approximate auxiliary integrodifferential halfline equation of WienerHopf type, and culminates in simple characteristic equations for eigenvalues, and, with such an approximation to eigenvalues, approximate eigenfunctions are given in an explicit form. Besides the crude periodic approximation of GrenanderSzego, since 1960s, largeinterval spectral results were available only for integral operators with kernels of a rapid (typically exponential) decay at infinity or those whose symbols are rational functions. We assume the symbol of the kernel, on the real line, to be continuous and, for the sake of simplicity, strictly monotonically decreasing with distance from the origin. Contrary to other approaches, the proposed method thus relies solely on the behavior of the kernel's symbol on the real line rather than the entire complex plane which makes it a powerful tool to constructively deal with a wide range of integral operators. We note that, unlike finiterank approximation of a compact operator, the auxiliary problems arising in both small and largeinterval cases admit infinitely many solutions (eigenfunctions) and hence structurally better represent the original integral operator. The present talk covers an extension and significant simplification of the previous author's result on Love/LiebLiniger/Gaudin equation. 

WHTW01 
16th August 2019 10:00 to 10:30 
Michael Nieves 
Phase transition processes in flexural structured systems with rotational inertia
Failure and phase transition
processes in massspring systems have been extensively studied in the
literature, based on the approach developed in [1]. Only a few attempts at
characterising these processes in flexural systems exist, see for instance [2,
3, 4, 5]. In comparison with massspring systems, flexural structures have a
larger range of applicability. They can describe phenomena in systems at
various scales, including microlevel waves in materials and dynamic
processes in civil engineering assemblies such as bridges and buildings found
in society. Flexural systems also provide a greater variety of modelling tools,
related to loading configurations and physical parameters, that can be used to
achieve a particular response. Here we consider the role of rotational inertia in the process of phase transition in a onedimensional flexural system, that may represent a simplified model of the failure of a bridge exposed to hazardous vibrations. The phase transition process is assumed to occur with a uniform speed that is driven by feeding waves carrying energy produced by an applied oscillating moment and force. We show that the problem can be reduced to a functional equation via the Fourier transform which is solved using the WienerHopf technique. From the solution we identify the dynamic behaviour of the system during the transition process. The minimum energy required to initiate the phase transition process with a given speed is determined and it is shown there exist parameter domains defined by the force and moment amplitudes where the phase transition can occur. The influence of the rotational inertia of the system on the wave radiation phenomenon connected with the phase transition is also discussed. All results are supplied with numerical illustrations confirming the analytical predictions. Acknowledgement: M.J.N. and M.B. gratefully acknowledge the support of the EU H2020 grant MSCAIF2016747334CATFFLAP. References [1] Slepyan, L.I.: Models and Phenomena in Fracture Mechanics, Foundations of Engineering Mechanics, Springer, (2002). [2] Brun, M., Movchan, A.B. and Slepyan, L.I.: Transition wave in a supported heavy beam, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 61, no. 10, pages 2067–2085, (2013). [3] Brun, M., Giaccu, G.F., Movchan, A., B., and Slepyan, L. I.. Transition wave in the collapse of the San Saba Bridge. Front. Mater. 1:12, (2014). doi: 10.3389/fmats.2014.00012. [4] Nieves, M.J., Mishuris, G.S., Slepyan, L.I.: Analysis of dynamic damage propagation in discrete beam structures, Int. J. Solids Struct. 9798, pages 699–713, (2016). [5] Garau, M., Nieves, M.J. and Jones, I.S. (2019): Alternating strain regimes for failure propagation in flexural systems, Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math., hbz008, https://eur02.safelinks.protection.outlook.com/?url=https%3A%2F%2Fdoi.org%2F10.1093%2Fqjmam%2Fhbz008&data=02%7C01%7C%7Cca24c94f14fb47b2a98908d6f19a9002%7Cd47b090e3f5a4ca084d09f89d269f175%7C0%7C0%7C636962043472937444&sdata=hFcD7qiLBQweKalUwfiI8DE4OoKVDBet7AwngVFgEf0%3D&reserved=0. 

WHTW01 
16th August 2019 10:30 to 11:00 
Konstantin Ustinov  Application of Khrapkov’s technique of 2x2 matrix factorization to solving problems related to interface cracks  
WHTW01 
16th August 2019 11:30 to 12:00 
Ian Thompson 
Diffraction in Mindlin plates
Plate theory is important for modelling thin components used in engineering applications, such as metal panels used in aeroplane wings and submarine hulls. A typical application is nondestructive testing, where a wave is transmitted into a panel, and analysis of the scattered response is used to determine the existence, size and location of cracks and other defects. To use this technique, one must first develop a clear theoretical understanding the diffraction patterns that occur when a wave strikes the tip of a fixed or free boundary. Diffraction by semiinfinite rigid strips and cracks in isotropic plates modelled by Kirchhoff theory was considered by Norris & Wang(1994). Although both problems require the application of two boundary conditions on the rigid or free boundary, the resulting WienerHopf equations can be decoupled, leading to a pair of scalar problems. Later, Thompson & Abrahams (2005 & 2007) considered diffraction caused by a crack in a fibre reinforced Kirchhoff plate. The resulting problem is much more complicated than the corresponding isotropic case, but again leads to two separate, scalar WienerHopf equations. In this presentation, we consider diffraction by rigid strips and cracks in plates modelled by Mindlin theory. This is a more accurate model, which captures physics that is neglected by Kirchhoff theory, and is valid at higher frequencies. However, it requires three boundary conditions at an interface. The crack problem and the rigid strip problem each lead to one scalar WienerHopf equation and one 2x2 matrix equation (four problems in total). The scalar problems can be solved in a relatively straightforward manner, but the matrix problems (particularly the problem for the crack) are complicated. However, the kernels have some interesting properties that suggest the possibility of accurate approximate factorisations. References A. N. Norris and Z. Wang. Bendingwave diffraction from strips and cracks on thin plates. Q. J. Mech. Appl. Math., 47:607627, 1994. I. Thompson and I. D. Abrahams. Diffraction of flexural waves by cracks in orthotropic thin elastic plates.I Formal solution. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., A, 461:34133434, 2005. I. Thompson and I. D. Abrahams. Diffraction of flexural waves by cracks in orthotropic thin elastic plates.II. Far field analysis. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond., A, 463:16151638, 2007. 

WHTW01 
16th August 2019 12:00 to 12:30 
Pavlos Livasov 
Two vector WienerHopf equations with 2x2 kernels containing oscillatory terms
In the first part we discuss a steadystate problem for
an interface crack between two dissimilar elastic materials.
We consider a model of the process zone described by
imperfect transmission conditions that reflect the bridging effect along a
finite part of the interface in front of the crack. By means of Fourier
transform, the problem is reduced into a WienerHopf equation with a 2x2
matrix, containing oscillatory terms. We factorize the kernel following an
existing numerical method and analyse its performance for various parameters of
the problem.
We show that the model under consideration leads to the
classic stress singularity at the crack tip. Finally, we derive conditions for
the existence of an equilibrium state and compute admissible length of the
process zone.
For the second part of the talk, we consider propagation of a dynamic crack in a periodic structure with internal energy. The structural interface is formed by a discrete set of uniformly distributed alternating compressed and stretched bonds. In such a structure, the fracture of the initially stretched bonds is followed by that of the compressed ones with an unspecified timelag. That, in turn, reflects the impact of both the internal energy accumulated inside the prestressed interface and the energy brought into the system by external loading. The application to the original problem of continuous (with respect to time) and selective discrete (with respect to spatial coordinate) Fourier transforms yields another vector WienerHopf equation with a kernel containing oscillating terms. We use a perturbation technique to factorise the matrix. Finally, we show similarities and differences of the matrixvalued kernels mentioned above and discuss the chosen approaches for their factorisation. 

WHTW01 
16th August 2019 13:30 to 14:00 
Alexander Galybin  Application of the WienerHopf approach to incorrectly posed BVP of plane elasticity  
WHTW01 
16th August 2019 14:00 to 14:30 
Matthew Colbrook 
Solving WienerHopf type problems numerically: a spectral method approach
The unified transform is typically associated
with the solution of integrable nonlinear PDEs. However, after an appropriate
linearisation, one can also apply the method to linear PDEs and develop a
spectral boundarybased method. I will discuss recent advances of this method,
in particular, the application of the method to problems in unbounded domains
with solutions having corner singularities. Consequently, a wide variety of
mixed boundary condition problems can be solved without the need for the
WienerHopf technique. Such problems arise frequently in acoustic scattering or
in the calculation of electric fields in geometries involving finite and/or
multiple plates. The new approach constructs a global relation that relates
known boundary data, such as the scattered normal velocity on a rigid plate, to
unknown boundary values, such as the jump in pressure upstream of the plate.
This can be viewed formally as a domain dependent Fourier transform of the
boundary integral equations. By approximating the unknown boundary functions in
a suitable basis expansion and evaluating the global relation at collocation
points, one can accurately obtain the expansion coefficients of the unknown
boundary values. The local choice of basis functions is flexible, allowing the
user to deal with singularities and complicated boundary conditions such as
those occurring in elasticity models or spatially variant Robin boundary
conditions modelling porosity.


WHTW01 
16th August 2019 14:30 to 15:00 
Ivan Argatov 
Application of the Wiener–Hopf technique in contact problems
Problems involving the contact interaction between two
elastic bodies, or between an elastic body (called substrate) and a rigid body
(called indenter), have occupied the attention of engineering researchers for
well over a century. In recent years much attention has been paid to mechanical
aspects of contact and adhesion in biological systems, which has resulted in
formulating new contact problems, in particular, for a thin elastic layer on a
substrate being indented by an indenter of noncanonical shape. Since problems
in contact mechanics belong to the class of mixed boundary value problems and
can be usually reduced to solving integral equations, it is natural to expect
that the Wiener–Hopf method will one of the powerful analytical tools for their
investigation. The Wiener–Hopf technique in combination with asymptotic methods
has the advantage of universality in obtaining solutions in the analytical form
as well as of simplicity for further qualitative analysis. In the present talk
we briefly overview the application of the Wiener–Hopf technique to a
representative range of contact problems, emphasizing the need of using
complementarity asymptotic techniques to cover a larger space of the problem
parameters.


WHTW01 
16th August 2019 15:00 to 15:30 
Mikhail Lyalinov 
Functionalintegral equations and diffraction by a truncated wedge
In this work we study diffraction of a plane incident wave in a complex
2D domain composed by two shifted angular domains having a part of their common boundary. The perfect
(Dirichlet or Neumann) boundary conditions are postulated on the polygonal boundary of such compound
domain. By means of the SommerfeldMalyuzhinets technique the boundaryvalue problem at hand is reduced
to a nonstandard systems of Malyuzhinetstype functionalintegral equations and then to a Fredholm integral equation of the
second kind. Existence and uniqueness of the solution for the diffraction problem is studied and is based on the
Fredholm alternative for the integral equation. The far field asymptotics of the wave field is also
addressed. 

WHTW01 
16th August 2019 15:30 to 16:00 
Gennady Mishuris 
Comments on the approximate factorisation of matrix functions with unstable sets of partial indices
It is well known for more than 60 years that the set of partial indices of a nonsingular matrix function may be unstable under small perturbations of the matrix [1]. This happens when the difference between the largest and the smallest indices is larger than unity. Although the total index of the matrix preserves its value, this former makes it extremely difficult to use this very powerful method for solving practical problems in this particular case. Moreover, since there does not exist a general constructive technique for matrix factorisation or even for the determination of the partial indices of the matrix, this fact looks like an unavoidable obstacle. Following [2], in this talk, we try to answer a less ambitious question focusing on the determination of the conditions allowing one to construct a family of matrix functions preserving a majority of the properties of the original matrix with nonstable partial indices that is close to the original matrix function. This work was partially supported by a grant from the Simons Foundation. GM is also acknowledge Royal Society for the Wolfson Research Merit Award. [1] Gohberg I. & Krein M. 1958 Uspekhi Mat. Nauk.XIII, 3–72 (in Russian). [2] Mishuris G, Rogosin S. 2018 Regular approximate factorization of a class of matrixfunction with an unstable set of partial indices. Proc.R.Soc.A 474:20170279. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.2017.0279 

WHT 
23rd August 2019 15:00 to 15:30 
Matthew Nethercote 
Highcontrast approximation for penetrable wedge diffraction
The important open canonical problem of wave diffraction by a penetrable wedge is considered in the highcontrast limit. Mathematically, this means that the contrast parameter, the ratio of a specific material property of the host and the wedge scatterer, is assumed small. The relevant material property depends on the physical context and is different for acoustic and electromagnetic waves for example. Based on this assumption, a new asymptotic iterative scheme is constructed. The solution to the penetrable wedge is written in terms of an infinite sequence of (possibly inhomogeneous) impenetrable wedge problems. Each impenetrable problem is solved using a combination of the SommerfeldMalyuzhinets and WienerHopf techniques. The resulting approximate solution to the penetrable wedge involves a large number of nested complex integrals and is hence difficult to evaluate numerically. In order to address this issue, a subtle method (combining asymptotics, interpolation and complex analysis) is developed and implemented, leading to a fast and efficient numerical evaluation. This asymptotic scheme is shown to have excellent convergent properties and leads to a clear improvement on extant approaches.


WHT 
23rd August 2019 15:30 to 16:00 
Peter Baddoo 
Scattering by a periodic array of slits with complex boundaries via the WienerHopf method
The interaction of a plane wave with a periodic array of
slits is an important problem in fluid dynamics, electromagnetism and solid
mechanics. In particular, such an arrangement is commonly used as a model for
turbomachinery noise. Previous work has been restricted to the case where the
slits possess a Neumann (noflux) boundary condition.
Consequently, in this work we consider
"complex" boundary conditions including Robin (e.g. compliance),
oblique derivatives (porosity) and generalised Cauchy conditions (impedance).
We employ generalised derivatives and Fourier transforms to recast the
Helmholtz equation as an integral equation amenable to the WienerHopf method.
Although the slits are of finite length, we are able to avoid a true matrix
WienerHopf problem by assuming the structure of the scattered field.
Since the WienerHopf kernel is meromorphic, the Fourier
transform may be inverted analytically to obtain the scattered field. The
WienerHopf analysis shows that an effect of modifying the boundary conditions
is to perturb the zeros of the kernel function, which correspond to the
"duct modes" in the near field. In aeroacoustic applications, this
result shows that blade porosity can dramatically reduce the unsteady lift,
which has implications for turbomachinery design.


WHT 
28th August 2019 10:00 to 11:00 
Andrey Shanin  On branching of analytic functions in 2D complex space 