Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences

Simulating all non-signalling correlations via classical or quantum theory with negative probabilities

Presenter: Sabri W. Al-Safi (University of Cambridge)

Co-author: Anthony J. Short (University of Bristol)

Abstract

Many-party correlations between measurement outcomes in general probabilistic theories are given by conditional probability distributions obeying the non-signalling condition. We show that any such distribution can be obtained from classical or quantum theory, by relaxing positivity constraints on either the mixed state shared by the parties, or the local functions which generate measurement outcomes. Our results apply to generic non-signalling correlations, but in particular they yield two distinct quasi-classical models for quantum correlations.

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