An Isaac Newton Institute Workshop

Pattern Formation in Fluid Mechanics

Localised convection cells in the presence of a vertical magnetic field

Author: Dawes, J (University of Cambridge)

Abstract

Thermal convection in a horizontal fluid layer heated uniformly from below usually produces an array of convection cells of roughly equal amplitudes. In the presence of a vertical magnetic field, convection may instead occur in vigorous isolated cells separated by regions of strong magnetic field. An approximate model for two-dimensional solutions of this kind is constructed, using the limits of small magnetic diffusivity, large magnetic field strength and large thermal forcing.

The approximate model captures the essential physics of these localised states, enables the determination of unstable localised solutions and indicates the approximate region of parameter space where such solutions exist. Numerical simulations reveal a power law scaling describing the location of the saddle node bifurcation in which the localised states disappear.