### Abstract

The characteristic polynomial models of the Riemann zeta function and other L-functions have allowed us to predict answers to a variety of questions previously considered intractable. However, these powerful models have contained no arithmetical information, which generally has to be introduced in an ad hoc manner. I will present a new model for the zeta function developed with C. Hughes and J. Keating that overcomes this difficulty. I will illustrate its use by calculating moments of the Riemann zeta function and estimating the maximal order of the zeta function on the critical line.