Skip to content

TOD

Seminar

Twisted paths in Euclidean groups: Keeping track of total orientation while traversing DNA

Chirikjian, G S (Johns Hopkins University)
Wednesday 05 September 2012, 11:30-11:50

Seminar Room 1, Newton Institute

Abstract

This talk introduces a new mathematical structure for modeling global twist in DNA. The relative rigid-body motion between reference frames attached either to a backbone curve, bi-rods, or individual bases in DNA, can be described well using elements of the Euclidean motion group, SE(n). However, the group law for Euclidean motions does not keep track of overall twist. In the planar case, the universal covering group of SE(2) identifies orientation angle as a quantity on the real line rather than on the circle, and hence keeps track of ``global'' rotations (not modulo 360 degrees). However, in the three-dimensional case, no such structure exists since the the orientational part of the universal cover of SE(3) can be identified with the quaternion sphere. In this talk a new mathematical structure for ``adding'' framed curves and extracting global twist is present. Though reminiscent of the group operation in braid theory and in homotopy theory, this structure is distinctly different, as it is geometric in nature, rather than topological. The motivation for this mathematical structure and its applications to DNA conformation will be presented.

Presentation

[pdf ] [ppt ]

Video

The video for this talk should appear here if JavaScript is enabled.
If it doesn't, something may have gone wrong with our embedded player.
We'll get it fixed as soon as possible.

Back to top ∧