Topological Crystals and the quantum effects
Seminar Room 1, Newton Institute
We report the discovery of Mobius, Ring, Figure-8, Hopf-link Crystals in NbSe3, conventionally grown as ribbons and whiskers.
We also reveal their formation mechanisms of which two crucial components are the spherical selenium (Se) droplet, which a NbSe3 ber wraps around due to surface tension, and the monoclinic (P2(1)/m) crystal symmetry inherent in NbSe3, which induces a twist in the strip when bent. Our crystals provide a non-fictious topological Mobius world governed by a non-trivial real-space topology. We classified these topological crystals as an intermediary between condensed matter physics and mathematics. Moreover, we observed Aharonov-Bohm effect of charge-density wave and Frolich type superconductor as electronic properties using topological crystals.