skip to content
 

Physical theories of cell mechanics

Presented by: 
Samuel Safran Weizmann Institute of Science
Date: 
Tuesday 14th July 2015 -
10:30 to 11:30
Venue: 
INI Seminar Room 1
Abstract: 
Co-authors: Ohad Cohen (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel), Kinjal Dasbiswas (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel), Xinpeng Xu (Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel)      
Cell contractility at either the coarse-grained level of an entire cell or at the sub-cellular level of individual acto-myosin fibers, can be understood using the concept of elastic force dipoles. These dipoles interact via their mutual deformations of the surrounding visco-elastic medium which can be either the extra-cellular matrix (in the case of cells modeled as force dipoles)  or the internal, cellular cytoskeleton (in the case of acto-myosin fibers within the cell). The theory of these elastically mediated interactions combined with the unique "living" nature of cells (implying that the activity of these dipoles is non-equilibrium and energy consuming) allows us to understand the organization and order of acto-myosin fibers within the cytoskeleton of a single cell or among contractile cells in systems of non-motile and adherent cells. We present the general theory of elastic interactions in the context of acto-myosin activity with examples that demonstrate its utility in understanding experiments on cytoskeletal alignment in stem cells that differentiate  into muscle cells, the structure and beating of cardiomyocytes, very long-ranged cell-cell interactions in fibrous elastic matrices, and elastically controlled diffusion of biomolecules that trigger development in embryos.
Related Links
The video for this talk should appear here if JavaScript is enabled.
If it doesn't, something may have gone wrong with our embedded player.
We'll get it fixed as soon as possible.
University of Cambridge Research Councils UK
    Clay Mathematics Institute London Mathematical Society NM Rothschild and Sons