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Efficiency=Geometry? Decoding the DNA of prediction in gauge, gravity, and effective field theories.

Presented by: 
John Joseph Carrasco CEA/Saclay
Date: 
Wednesday 29th June 2016 - 16:00 to 17:00
Venue: 
INI Seminar Room 1
Abstract: 
One can easily be frustrated by the tremendous redundancy in possible physical description.  By this I mean the ability to choose a gauge, make field redefinitions, add any amount of auxiliary spectator matter, and the such.  Happily we can exploit such freedom to encourage the emergence of a new duality in gauge theories. The existence of a duality between color and kinematics exposes a hidden local double-copy structure inherent to prediction in many theories.  This structure weaves its way between theories both formal and phenomenological, from QCD to Gravity, from Chiral Perturbation Theory to Born-Infeld, and from open to closed superstring theories. The duality is sharpest at the level of the perturbative S-matrix — so I will focus my talk there, although I will also mention some recent provocative work beyond scattering.  I will mainly discuss challenges to generically achieving color-dual kinematic representations at the multi-loop level. I present a path forward that introduces, at least temporarily, a redundancy of description that we can exploit to map a set of functional relations to linear ones.  I will talk about this approach in terms of a geometric picture involving the graph of local graphs, discussing tradeoffs and applicability to long-standing problems.
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University of Cambridge Research Councils UK
    Clay Mathematics Institute London Mathematical Society NM Rothschild and Sons