From e-finance to ecology, peace-keeping to population dynamics, urban planning to oceanography, materials to medicine, and security to sustainability. Mathematics plays a central role in understanding and anticipating a vast array of human and planetary concerns and in predicting and managing or capitalising on their consequences.
In 2013, mathematical scientists are uniting to tackle these and other global issues in Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013 (MPE2013), a worldwide initiative endorsed by UNESCO. With over 100 partner organisations in more than 30 countries, including mathematical institutes, professional societies, research centres and teachers’ associations, and with launch events in the United States, Canada, Australia and the UK, the goals of MPE2013 are: to formulate the most urgent planetary problems that mathematics can address; to bring together world-class researchers to find solutions to these problems; and to engage the public in a dialogue about the significance of these problems. This will be done via a range of activities including long- and short-term research programmes, workshops, summer schools, exhibitions and public lectures.
Cédric Villani, Fields Medallist and Director of the Institute Henri Poincaré (IHP) in Paris, says: We think we are in the middle of an economic crisis, but that crisis may be nothing in comparison [with] the ecological crisis that we are, and will be facing. All of mankinds intellectual resources will be helpful in solving these issues, and that includes mathematical sciences.
But how can mathematics make a difference? Consider a pandemic. The mathematical modelling of infectious diseases shows that it is not necessary to vaccinate the whole population to eradicate a disease: models can identify the vaccination threshold and the groups to target. Consider now the clouds. Clouds are one of the major contributors to the uncertainty in climate predictions. But mathematicians use advanced geometry to characterise clouds and provide a more quantitative description of their role in the climate system. And what of the ubiquitous satnav? Satellite navigation systems use sophisticated optimisation algorithms to plan the best route and triangulation to determine location.
Whether dealing with the geophysical issues of our earth, the atmospheric issues of our weather, the biological issues of our species, or our everyday human issues, it is mathematics that underpins our understanding and, in turn, our advancement.
|Mathematical Modelling and Analysis of Complex Fluids and Active Media in Evolving Domains
|1st May 2013 to 23rd August 2013
|15th July 2013 to 9th August 2013
|Infectious Disease Dynamics
|19th August 2013 to 13th September 2013
|Mathematical Challenges in Quantum Information
|27th August 2013 to 20th December 2013
|Mathematics for the Fluid Earth
|21st October 2013 to 20th December 2013
Details of the different events which are taking place around the world in 2013 can be found on the Mathematics of Planet Earth 2013 website.
From forecasting hurricanes to harnessing wave energy, leading mathematicians, scientists and policy makers will discuss how mathematical models and statistical analysis help us to predict, manage impact, exploit and communicate about natures climatic extremes, and how they help Government to anticipate health-related consequences of natural catastrophic events and insurance companies to assess the financial risk of such occurrences.
|2.00pm – 2.05pm
|Prof John Toland
|2.05pm – 2.15pm
|Mr Howard Covington
|Session 1: Predicting and Managing Extreme Climatic Events
|2.15pm – 2.30pm
|Mathematical approaches to improving climate predictions, interactive hazard warnings and public explanations
|Prof Lord Julian Hunt
|2.30pm – 3.00pm
|Extreme Events and Health Protection: What are the Challenges?
|Prof Virginia Murray
|3.00pm – 3.30pm
|A Financial Perspective of Extreme Climatic Events
|Dr. Filimon Gournaris
|3.30pm – 4.00pm
|Tea / Coffee
|Session 2: Exploiting Climatic Extremes and Communicating Risk and Uncertaintys
|4.00pm – 4.30pm
|Exploiting Wave Energy: Why We Shouldn’t Give Up
|Prof Rod Rainey
|4.30pm – 5.00pm
|Don’t Know, Can’t Know: Communicating Risk and Deeper Uncertainty
|Prof David Spiegelhalter
|5.00pm – 5.20pm
|The Mathematics of Extreme Climatic Events: Panel Session
|Chaired by Prof Lord Julian Hunt
|5.20pm – 6.00pm