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Computationally Efficient Algorithms for Detecting Changepoints

Presented by: 
P Fearnhead Lancaster University
Thursday 16th January 2014 - 09:30 to 10:00
INI Seminar Room 1
We consider algorithms that can obtained the optimal segmentation of data under approaches such as penalised likelihood. The penalised likelihood criteria requires the user to specify a penalty value, and the choice of penalty will affect the number of changepoints that are detected. We show how it is possible to obtain the optimal segmentation for all penalty values across a continuous range. The computational complexity of this approach can linear in the number of data points, and linear in the difference in the number of changepoints between the optimal segmentations for the smallest and largest penalty values. The algorithm can be used to find optimal segmentations under the minimum description length criteria in a much more efficient manner than using the segment neighbourhood algorithm.
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Presentation Material: 
University of Cambridge Research Councils UK
    Clay Mathematics Institute London Mathematical Society NM Rothschild and Sons