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Object Data Driven Discovery

Presented by: 
Ian Dryden
Tuesday 20th March 2018 - 14:30 to 15:30
INI Seminar Room 1
Object data analysis is an important tool in the many disciplines where the data have much richer structure than the usual numbers or vectors. An initial question to ask is: what are the most basic data units? i.e. what are the atoms of the data? We describe an introduction to this topic, where the statistical analysis of object data has a wide variety of applications. An important aspect of the analysis is to reduce the dimension to a small number key features while respecting the geometry of the manifold in which objects lie. Three case studies are given which exemplify the types of issues that are encountered: i) Describing changes in variability in damaged DNA, ii) Testing for geometrical differences in carotid arteries, where patients are at high or low risk of aneurysm, iii) clustering enzymes observed over time. In all three applications the structure of the data manifolds is important, in particular the manifold of covariance matrices, unlabelled size-and-shape space and shape space.
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University of Cambridge Research Councils UK
    Clay Mathematics Institute London Mathematical Society NM Rothschild and Sons